Mac tutorial: How to create a bootable USB drive with Windows

If you need to install Windows on your Mac or a different PC/laptop, you most probable choose the installation via USB drive. In this case you need to boot your device from a bootable USB drive.

In order to create a bootable USB drive from your Mac, you need to follow some simple steps:

1. Download the desired .ISO file from Microsoft website

2. Spotlight search for Boot Camp Assistant and open in. Continue …

3.  Choose “Create a Windows 7 or later version install disk”

4. Mount your USB drive. Choose your ISO image and your destination disk.

5. This process will erase all your data from USB drive, be sure you saved your files before.

6. Wait for the process to be finished.

Have fun!

192.168.64.2 XAMPP on Mac automatically log on ip instead of localhost

If your XAMPP app looks similar to the picture above … if you are not able to access website via localhost or your lan IP … or if you can’t access you local server from other devices … you need to check again your installation.

Be sure you didn’t installed the VM version (as promoted on their home page). Check the download page and download and install the normal version of XAMPP.

How to permanently delete files from your storage (Mac Tutorial)

Last week I tested a data recovery tool called EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard. I was surprised to see that all my files are not deleted even if I empty Trash and format the drive. All data was still there and that tool made an extremely good job recovering my files.

Therefore I just go searching for explanations. There was a simple solution. The modern digital storage devices use multiple levels of data protection in order to prevent accidental data loss. Data is protected both hardware and software and modern devices are quite reliable now. For example, removing your USB memory during reading or writing data will most probable keep your data save even if this action is strongly not recommended (you should always remove your drive safely). Software protection works quite simple, it just not delete files, only overwrites them. If you delete a file and empty the Trash, that file will just be set as “free” and nothing else. The memory used by that file is not changed until another file will be written.

If you need to sell any storage device (usb drive, hard disk, ssd, your mac, pc, phone, SD card and so on) you need to be aware that the buyer might be able to restore some of your personal data. Your iPhone and Mac store your data encrypted by default and you should be safe, but other drives you might use are usually not protected. For example, I used a USB hard disk (500GB) to store my files. A couple of days ago I got another external drive and I moved all my data from it. Empty my trash and was curious of what I can recover from it… and surprise surprise, all my data was there.

If you want to permanently delete your data from a drive you need to:

1. Open Disk Utility

 3. Select your drive and click Erase

4. Go to Security Options… for extra settings. You can choose between faster or more secure and 2 steps between:

Fastest: This option does not securely erase the files on the disk. A disk recovery application may be able to recover the files.

Fast: This option writes a pass of random data and then a single pass of zeros over the entire disk. It erases the information used to access your files and writes over the data 2 times.

Secure: This option is a DOE-compliant 3-pass secure erase. It writes two passes of random data followed by a single pass of known data over the entire disk. It erases the information used to access your files and writes over the data 3 times.

Most secure: This option meets the US Department of Defense (DoD) 5220-22 M standard for securely erasing magnetic media. It erases the information used to access your files and writes over the data 7 times.

5. I chose most secure option and clicked OK.

almost one day later:

The log:

Starting secure erase…
Pass: 1
Pass: 2
Pass: 3
Pass: 4
Pass: 5
Pass: 6
Pass: 7
Unmounting disk
Erasing
Volume name : Data
Partition offset : 411648 sectors (210763776 bytes)
Volume size : 976361472 sectors (499897073664 bytes)
Bytes per sector : 512
Bytes per cluster: 131072
FAT offset : 2048 sectors (1048576 bytes)
# FAT sectors : 30720
Number of FATs : 1
Cluster offset : 32768 sectors (16777216 bytes)
# Clusters : 3813784
Volume Serial # : 59a6aade
Bitmap start : 2
Bitmap file size : 476723
Upcase start : 6
Upcase file size : 5836
Root start : 7

Mounting disk
Operation successful.

The drive was unmounted and mounted again. And this should be all. I checked again with EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard and it was not able to recover any of my files (deep scan included):

The disk is full trying to write to Macintosh HD.

The disk is full trying to write to Macintosh HD. Free some space on this drive, or save the document on another disk.

Try one or more of the following:
*Close any unneeded documents, programs, and windows.
*Save the current document on another disk.

If you run into this error you might need to check this error first:
Word is unable to save the AutoRecover file in the location you have specified.

Word is unable to save the AutoRecover file in the location you have specified.

Word is unable to save the AutoRecover file in the location you have specified.  Make sure that you have specified a valid location for AutoRecover files in Preferences, and that you have permission to write files to the location you specified.

If you get into this error massage check if there is any location set for the autorecovery files (I had it empty), and change it or set one:

  1. Go to: Word > Preferences (or press ⌘,) > Personal Settings > File Locations.
  2. Either double click on “Autorecover files” or single click and then click on “Modify”.
  3. Pick a folder and then hit “Open” I have it in Documents > Microsoft > Office 2011 Autorecovery.

Avoid folders where Word app can get into trouble with file permission (changing or saving). Also, if you use Desktop or other folder that is synchronized with iCloud, be aware that large documents need more time to upload. A small internet connection might block word access for quite a long time and this message can become quite frustrated.

How to format your USB flash/hard drive to be used for Windows and Mac? exFAT

Do you want to move data between Windows and Mac? Do you use an USB hard drive for this?

If yes, I am sure you wonder what is the best way to do it. If you format your drive in FAT32, you will face all limitations of this old protocol (e.g. max file-size of 4GB) … if NTFS you will get all the Windows options available but will be read-only for Mac… if you format it in Mac OS Extended you will not be able to use it in Windows. The solution is a to make a compromise and use exFAT. Read More

How to add your mouse device to PC and Mac (e.g. Microsoft Designer Bluetooth Mouse)

I recently bought a new Bluetooth mouse for my laptop… a Microsoft Designer Bluetooth Mouse. It’s a very beautiful mouse with a very good quality. It has a magnetic battery cover for it’s two AAA batteries that are easily mounted on the same side. The mouse clicks are firm and the entire mouse gives you a nice feel while the scroll wheel has a good texture. The only think you might not like is the click noise, something that I personally like even if it’s quite loud.

This mouse is very easy to connect to your Windows or macOS device. Read More